Many of the flags recall links to the The Duchy of Normandy. The Duchy stems from the Viking invasions of France in the 8th century. It was created by the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte in 911 out of concessions made by King Charles, and granted to Rollo.
Victor Hugo left France in 1851 for an exile that would last 19 years. After a short period in Jersey he came to Guernsey and was instantly captivated by the island. During 15 years on the island he wrote some of his most famous works.